emerging risks in food security

The approach of the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) is as follows: “Improved identification of emerging risks may in the long term be a major preventive instrument at the disposal of the Member States and the Community in implementing their policies. It is therefore necessary to assign to the Authority an anticipatory task of collecting information and exercising vigilance and the work of evaluating emerging risks and provide information for prevention. ” Therefore, we must concentrate efforts on the analysis of emerging risks to achieve the identification, assessment and prioritization of hazards and potential threats, so that at all times be prepared and we can anticipate food legislation have to be applied in the future depending on the evolution of these risks.

How they have been regulated in the EU emerging risks?

The regulation on emerging risks responds to Regulation 178/2002, in particular Articles 34 and 23, in addition to establishing that the functions of the EFSA (Article 23 letter f) is the “f) to undertake action to identify and characterize emerging risks in the fields within its mission “. In another, an idea of ​​the importance and significance that has been given to emerging risks is that Article 34 of Regulation 178/2002 expressly dedicated to identifying, focusing on the role assumed by the EFSA.

Article 34 Identification of emerging risks:

The Authority shall establish monitoring procedures to search for, collect, collate and analyze systematically, information and data in order to identify emerging risks in the fields within its mission.
When you have information leading to the suspicion of a serious emerging risk, request additional information from the Member States, other Community agencies and the Commission reply as a matter of urgency and forward any relevant information in its possession.
The Authority shall use all the information it receives in the performance of its mission to identify an emerging risk.
The Authority shall forward the evaluation and information collected on emerging risks to the European Parliament, the Commission and the Member States.

Importance of emerging risks in the sector

Emerging risks can help anticipate potential problems or, if they appear, to control them and resolve them in the best possible way.

The case of endocrine disruptors

A sign of concern about these issues can be seen in the report Endocrine Disruptors Emerging Risk Options Risk Management Initiative – Position Paper. Endocrine disruptors and food law in the EU are two aspects that are related through research area of ​​emerging risks.

Therefore, from the Forum CRO (group risk managers belonging to major international companies in the insurance sector as Mapfre, Allianz, Lloyd’s or Zurich), which focuses on the development and promotion of best practices in risk management , working on these issues. Said the report published in 2012, which attributed endocrine disruptors as an emerging risk. “The World Health Organization defines endocrine disruptors as that exogenous substance or mixture that alters the function of the endocrine system and, therefore, cause adverse health effects in an intact organism, or its progeny, or population (WHO / IPCS, 2002) “. This work determines which are endocrine disruptors, how they act, what their main impact, how they are regulated, how they can eliminate the hydrological cycle and what scenarios are related to insurance.

The example of endocrine disruptors is one of many, as new food safety risks (toxic and emerging food pathogens), next to the threats related to fraud or bioterrorism, can break at any time as changing factors that impact in the sector and have been caused by many reasons, such as climate change, economic crises, migration, new technologies, consumer habits or public opinion studies.

emerging risks in food security

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